ESV Illuminated Bible, Art Journaling Edition
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Marcos, Juan-José (2017). "Fonts for Latin Paleography" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 3 April 2010 . Retrieved 24 November 2021.
The Hague, Koninklijke Bibliothek, MS 73 J 22 (Vegetius, L'Art de chevallerie. Frontinus, Stratagèmes) Istanbul, Topkapi sarayi Museum, MS Ahmed III. 2115 (Ahmad ibn al-Husain ibn Ahnaf, The Book of the Art of Healing Horses)The first step was to send the manuscript to a rubricator, "who added (in red or other colors) the titles, headlines, the initials of chapters and sections, the notes and so on; and then – if the book was to be illustrated – it was sent to the illuminator".  These letters and notes would be applied using an ink-pot and either a sharpened quill feather or a reed pen. In the case of manuscripts that were sold commercially, the writing would "undoubtedly have been discussed initially between the patron and the scribe (or the scribe's agent,) but by the time that the written gathering were sent off to the illuminator there was no longer any scope for innovation."  Williams, John. The Illustrated Beatus: A Corpus of the Illustrations of the Commentary on the Apocalypse, Volume 1, Introduction. London: Harvey Miller Publishers, 1994.
Vienna, Austria, Österreichische Nationalbibliothek, (Guillaume Durand, Rationale divinorum officiorum) London, British Library, Add MS 5111, Canon Tables from Byzantine Gospel Book ( London Canon Tables; Commons) Milan, Biblioteca Trivulziana, Cod. 470 Book of Hours ( Book of Hours (Milan, Biblioteca Trivulziana, Cod. 470))Illuminated manuscripts have been described as "a unique work of art and a testament to the beauty of God's word".  Displaying the amazing detail and richness of a text, the addition of illumination was never an afterthought. The inclusion of illumination is twofold, it added value to the work, but more importantly it provides pictures for the illiterate members of society to "make the reading seem more vivid and perhaps more credible."  Modern illuminated manuscripts [ edit ] Melo, M.J., Castro, R., Nabais, P. et al. The book on how to make all the colour paints for illuminating books: unravelling a Portuguese Hebrew illuminators' manual' ' Herit Sci 6, 44 (2018). https://doi.org/10.1186/s40494-018-0208-z San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Escorial, Biblioteca del Monasterio, T. II. 24 (Isidore of Seville, Etymologiae)
The Byzantine world produced manuscripts in its own style, versions of which spread to other Orthodox and Eastern Christian areas. With their traditions of literacy uninterrupted by the Middle Ages, the Muslim World, especially on the Iberian Peninsula, was instrumental in delivering ancient classic works to the growing intellectual circles and universities of Western Europe throughout the 12th century. Books were produced there in large numbers and on paper for the first time in Europe, and with them full treatises on the sciences, especially astrology and medicine where illumination was required to have profuse and accurate representations with the text. The Westminster Abbey Bestiary (c. 1275-1290 CE) – Created most likely in York, Britain. A bestiary is a book of animals, real or imaginary, defined and accompanied by illustrations. This genre originated in Greece in the 2nd century CE but was most popular during the Middle Ages when a number of them were produced to show a correlation between the natural world and the Christian vision of the Bible. The Westminster Abbey Bestiary is a fine example of this type of work. Drawing on both pre-Christian and biblical stories, the book presents an array of fascinating creatures across its 164 illustrations, each one represented in striking detail. The Last Supper, in Bible (the ‘Holkham Bible Picture Book’), c. 1327–1335, parchment, 28.5 x 21 cm ( The British Library)
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The Hague, Musee Meermanno-Westreenianum, MS 10 B 29 (Guillaume de Lorris and Jean de Meung, Roman de la Rose) London, British Library, Royal MS 6 A VI (Aldhelm, In Praise Of Virginity (London, British Library, Royal MS 6 A VI))