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Nambudiri, Haripriya (20 July 2017). "The woman's role in Kathakali". The Hindu. ISSN 0971-751X . Retrieved 30 January 2020. Kabuki, another Japanese art form, has similarities to Kathakali.   Jīngjù, a Chinese art of dance-acting ( zuo), like Kathakali presents artists with elaborate masks, costumes and colorfully painted faces.   Balinese dance also shares similarities.
a b c Phillip B. Zarrilli (2000). Kathakali Dance-drama: Where Gods and Demons Come to Play. Routledge. pp.xi, 17–19. ISBN 978-0-415-13109-4.
The roots of Kathakali are unclear. Jones and Ryan state it is more than 500 years old. Kathakali emerged as a distinct genre of performance art during the 16th and 17th centuries in Kerala.  The roots of Kathakali, states Mahinder Singh, are more ancient and some 1500 years old.  Links to older performance arts: Kutiyattam and Krishnanattam [ edit ] FACT Jayadeva Varma
The Japanese performance arts Kabuki/ Noh and Chinese performance art Peking Opera are similar in many ways to Kathakali.
N Pani (2009), Hinduism, in Handbook of Economics and Ethics (Editors: Jan Peil and Irene Staveren), Edward Elgar, ISBN 978-1-84542-936-2, 216-221 Music is central to a Kathakali performance. It sets the mood and triggers emotions resonant with the nature of the scene.  It also sets the rhythm to which the actor-dancers perform the choreography and scenes. Some major musical patterns, according to Clifford and Betty, that go with the moods and content of the scene are: Chempada (most common and default that applies to a range of moods, in battles and fights between good and evil, also to conclude a scene); Chempa music (depict tension, dispute, disagreement between lovers or competing ideas); Panchari (for odious, preparatory such as sharpening a sword); Triputa (thought-provoking, scenes involving sages and teachers); Adantha (scenes involving kings or divine beings); Muri Adantha musical style (for comic, light-hearted, or fast-moving scenes involving heroic or anger-driven activity).  a b c d Cheris Kramarae; Dale Spender (2004). Routledge International Encyclopedia of Women: Global Women's Issues and Knowledge. Routledge. pp.295–296. ISBN 978-1-135-96315-6.